Soya Bean (Edamame)

Soybeans (Glycine max) are not only a staple in various cuisines but also a valuable addition to your garden. These protein-rich legumes offer a range of health benefits and have become increasingly popular among home gardeners. In this article, we will guide you through the process of growing soybeans in your garden, from planting to harvesting, so you can enjoy the satisfaction of cultivating this nutritious and sustainable crop.

How To Grow

Choosing the Right Location: Soybeans thrive in full sun, so select a location in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. The soil should be well-drained and have a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. If your soil is heavy or clayey, consider amending it with organic matter or compost to improve drainage and fertility. Planting Seeds: Soybeans are typically grown from seeds, which can be purchased from garden centers or online suppliers. Start by preparing the soil, removing any weeds, rocks, or debris. Sow the seeds directly into the soil at a depth of about 1 to 1.5 inches, spacing them approximately 2-4 inches apart in rows. Leave about 24-30 inches of space between the rows to allow the plants to spread. Watering and Maintenance: After planting, water the seeds thoroughly and keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Soybeans require adequate moisture for optimal growth, especially during flowering and pod development. Mulching around the plants can help retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth. Regular weeding is essential to minimize competition for nutrients and space. Supporting the Plants: Depending on the soybean variety, some plants may benefit from support as they grow taller. Inserting stakes or small trellises near the plants can help prevent lodging, where the plants fall over due to wind or heavy pod weight. Secure the plants to the support gently using twine or soft ties.

How/When To Harvesting

Monitoring Growth and Development: Soybeans typically take around 80-120 days to reach maturity, depending on the variety. Monitor the plants as they grow and observe the changes in the pods. The pods will gradually fill with plump beans, and the leaves may begin to turn yellow or brown. Harvesting: To harvest soybeans, wait until the majority of the pods have turned brown or yellow and feel dry to the touch. Pull up the entire plant from the ground, gently shaking off excess soil. Hang the plants upside down in a dry, well-ventilated area to allow the pods to dry further. Once the pods are fully dry and brittle, you can remove the beans from the pods. Storage and Culinary Uses: Store the harvested soybeans in airtight containers in a cool, dry place to maintain their quality. Soybeans can be used in a variety of culinary dishes, including soups, stews, stir-fries, and salads. They can also be sprouted for added nutritional value or processed into tofu, soy milk, or tempeh. Incorporating soybeans into your diet provides an excellent source of plant-based protein and other essential nutrients

Planting Schedules for Location: Leesburg, Virginia

Sow Indoors / Plant Out

Sow Indoors
Plant Out
  • Sow Depth: 5 cm
  • Spacing Between Rows: 45 cm
  • Spacing Along Row: 15 cm
  • Number plants per Square Foot: 5